Pruning of trees in Toronto and shrubs is one of the most important aspects of plant care. It is this action that can activate the growth of plants and even out the nutritional balance of recently planted or diseased (damaged) plants in your garden.
The methods and timing of plant pruning have been improved over a very long period of time. At the same time, new methods were developed to regulate the growth and bearing of plants. As for the pruning of trees in Toronto, this is still a complex process.
Due to the large number of species and varieties of shrubs and trees in our region, it is worth taking into account the fact that plants will also react differently to the removal of branches or changes in their position in space and role in the crown.
It is also customary to pay attention to the climatic conditions that change every year. This factor also influences the condition of the plants and how they carry out the seasonal pruning. For a long time we have done mostly winter pruning in the autumn-spring terms. At this time the plants are at rest.
It is not recommended to cut plants at the beginning of the movement, otherwise the plant, as they say, will start to cry. And it will take a lot of time and effort for beginners to heal these wounds. Foreign colleagues use special ointments for this purpose, which consist of physiologically active substances that contribute to the rapid healing of wounds.
Global warming in our region, when severe frosts are no longer an integral part of winter, makes it possible to cut plants for almost the entire autumn-winter season. This is especially possible if the trees are in the right shape and do not require radical removal of branches or complete rejuvenation. It is well known that after such measures large wounds are inflicted.
In order to quickly heal the wounds, the cut should have a circular influx at the base of the branch. The cut should not be made parallel to the trunk. In this case, the wound is large and difficult to heal. Also, do not cut perpendicularly to the branch. Although the wound will be the smallest, there will be a foam in the lower part of the wound, which is undesirable.
Proper and timely pruning of shrubs in Toronto, with good general care, helps to start fruiting and developing the plant earlier and also increases the frost resistance of the trees.
In addition, it affects the convenience of the work at the time of pruning, on the treatment of pests and diseases. As well as the rational use of the area and space of the garden. The reaction of the tree to pruning will largely depend on the correct understanding of the basic physiological processes that occur in the plant. At natural growth of a tree at each age stage there is a corresponding dynamic equilibrium between all its organs and parts. At decrease in volume of above-ground system the plant will activate all processes of vital functions for faster restoration of this equilibrium.
At loss (a trimming, breaking, freezing) of a small number of branches only growth of shoots on krone periphery amplifies. At a stronger pruning in addition to this wakes up sleeping buds, there is a strong wolfing.
If it appears insufficiently for restoration of the lost balance, root growth appears. Very strong disturbances cause a part of roots to die out. Often this is observed in cases of freezing of the tree, large breakdowns, excessive pruning.
At decrease in volume of root system (damage, soaking, etc.) the most part of products of assimilation, a moisture, elements of a mineral food goes to roots for stimulation of their growth and the fastest restoration. If the damage of roots was very strong, can mark a part of a crown (for example, dryness or drying up of the ends of branches) or even all.
All pruning techniques are based on the deliberate imbalance of the plant at this stage of the equilibrium, so as to enhance the growth of individual or all branches of the tree. At correct removal in a crown the required parity of branches of different length and different function that, in turn, will define a level of development or fruiting will be created.
This is probably the biggest mistake of a novice gardener who is not interested in how the tree will be trimmed. It is important to understand that a tree that can grow and produce a harvest of 20-30 years can be lost in 2-3 years only if it is trimmed incorrectly. And we are not talking about aesthetics yet. If excessively cut cambial tissue does not cover the branch cut, it will become an ideal environment for penetration into pathogens. As a result, the tree will begin to languish and in a few years it will be possible to uproot it. It is important to know that relatively painless cutting can be done on thin branches so that the cutting diameter does not exceed 25 mm. Otherwise, the tree may also fall ill. And, of course, the cut of the wood must be treated with special putty.Cutting the garden in Toronto from Captain Hendy
Why, if everything's okay as it is.
Pruning of trees in Toronto is the removal of dried, close and dangerous branches. Trimming also aims to improve the penetration of sunlight into the crown and, for shrubs, to remove the brushwood and give it a decorative shape. Shrubs have branches cut above the ground. Deciduous fruit trees are cut so that the shade does not interfere with each other. And to maintain the aesthetics of the site annually cut trees with a beautiful coloring of young shoots. In addition, experienced gardeners can always say that a cut tree can always produce a better and bigger harvest than a neglected one.